Your computer keeps crashing, and it crashes randomly sometimes? But don’t worry! We’ll help you troubleshoot and fix the computer crashing issue.
Most crashes are the result of a software bug. Typical causes include accessing invalid memory addresses, incorrect address values in the program counter, buffer overflow, overwriting a portion of the affected program code due to an earlier bug, executing invalid machine instructions (an illegal opcode), or triggering an unhandled exception. The original software bug that started this chain of events is typically considered to be the cause of the crash, which is discovered through the process of debugging. The original bug can be far removed from the code that actually triggered the crash.
In early personal computers, attempting to write data to hardware addresses outside the system’s main memory could cause hardware damage. Some crashes are exploitable and let a malicious program or hacker execute arbitrary code allowing the replication of viruses or the acquisition of data which would normally be inaccessible.
Here are the solutions you can try. You don’t need to try them all; just work your way down until you find the one that works.
- Reboot your computer
- Make sure your CPU works properly
- Boot in Safe Mode
- Update your drivers
- Run System File Checker
Program, App, and Software Crashes
A program crash happens when a fatal error has occurred within the application software. This type of crash might result in one specific application not being usable, or it could result in the entire computer not being usable. It’s possible for one application to cause a complete computer crash. While operating systems try to isolate the problems to a specific application, so the computer doesn’t crash, it can sometimes happen.
Program crashes happen for a number of reasons, and it’s often not advised to go on using the program in question until the error is corrected. Most operating systems for desktops, laptops and smartphones have a means by which you can shut down and stop a particular program or app. If the operating system is still functioning, then it’s usually possible to shut down the specific program and restart it to continue using the program.
Operating System Crashes
An operating system crash is a more complex type of failure. In this type of crash, the operating system such as Windows, Mac OS, iOS (for Apple mobile devices) or Android has failed in some way. With an operating system crash, none of the applications work and the computer has stopped working, even though the power and hardware are functioning.
With an operating system crash, your computer or device may be completely unresponsive to anything, such as the mouse click, keyboard stroke or screen tap. In this case, a power shutdown and power on restart is necessary and often solves the problem since a power shut down and restart results in a reboot of the operating system and enables the computer to function properly.
A hardware crash happens when a physical device inside or attached to the computer fails, causing the entire computer to crash. For example, if the hard disk drive (the device responsible for containing all of your computer’s data) fails, the computer will become mostly unusable.
To fix a hardware crashes it’s necessary to replace the component that failed. If the failed part is the hard drive on a desktop or laptop, your data could be lost if you didn’t have any backup. Hard drives are replaceable and the operating system and application programs can be reinstalled (as long as you have the license for the software), but personal data can never be replaced, so backups are always important.
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